Container ShipOn March 28, 2018, GEO Specialty Chemicals, Inc. and Chattem Chemicals, Inc. filed a petition for the imposition of antidumping and countervailing duties on imports of glycine from the People’s Republic of China, India, Thailand, and Japan.


The merchandise covered by this investigation is glycine, which in its solid (i.e., crystallized) form is a free-flowing crystalline material, like salt or sugar. Glycine is produced at varying levels of purity or grades. It is used as a sweetener/taste enhancer, buffering agent, cleaning and polishing agent, reabsorbable amino acid, chemical intermediate, metal complexing agent, and dietary supplement. It also has other pharmaceutical, industrial, medical and cosmetic applications. The scope of this investigation covers glycine in any form and at any purity level or grade, regardless of additives. Glycine’s chemical composition is C2H5NO2 and is classified, since July 1, 2017, under subheading 2922.49.43.00 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (“HTSUS”); before that date, it was classified under subheading 2922.49.40.20 of the HTSUS.

The scope of this investigation also covers precursors of dried crystalline glycine, including, but not limited to, glycine slurry (i.e., glycine in a non-crystallized faun), sodium glycinate and a non-reacted ammonia-monochloroacetic or chloroaectic acid mix. Glycine slurry is classified under the same HTSUS as crystallized glycine (2922.49.43.00 as of July 1, 2017, and 2922.49.40.20 before that date), sodium glycinate is classified under HTSUS 2922.49.80.00, and the non-reacted ammonia-monochloroacetic or chloroacetic acid mix has been classified under a number of HTSUS 2922.49 subheadings. Because HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and Customs purposes, our written description of the scope of this investigation is dispositive.


GEO Specialty Chemicals, Inc.
401 South Earl Avenue, Suite 3A
Lafayette, Indiana 47904

Chattem Chemicals, Inc.
3708 St. Elmo Avenue
Chattanooga, Tennessee 37409


David M. Schwartz
Thompson Hine LLP
1919 M Street NW
Washington, D.C. 20036


India: 77.62%

Thailand: 207.24%

Japan: 516.05%


Countervailing Duty Petition filed against China, India, and Thailand. Additional amounts of duties unspecified.


For a list of foreign products/exporters and importers alleged by Petitioner, please see Attachment I.


  2015 2016 2017
Quantity (1,000 lbs) 104 526 572
Value (1,000 USD) 171 784 1112
Quantity (1,000 lbs) 2926 4260 3903
Value (1,000 USD) 5815 7892 6655
Quantity(1,000 lbs) 6011 4629 5305
Value (1,000 USD) 11679 9237 9501
Quantity (1,000 lbs) 3895 1356 2720
Value (1,000 USD) 8359 2963 4402


For more information concerning this petition and how it may affect your business, please contact Jeffrey Neeley, Nithya Nagarajan or Stephen Brophy.

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Photo of Jeffrey Neeley Jeffrey Neeley

Jeffrey has more than 25 years of experience representing private parties in international trade remedies disputes in the U.S. and in foreign jurisdictions. He guides clients in matters including antidumping investigations, countervailing duties, subsidies, intellectual property disputes as well as related customs, export control, and other import/export issues.

Photo of Nithya Nagarajan Nithya Nagarajan

Nithya’s extensive background in U.S. trade issues spans 25 years and includes various roles in a number of federal government agencies, including the Department of Commerce Department of Justice, and the U.S. Court of International Trade. She assists clients with administrative and regulatory actions before the Department of Commerce, International Trade Commission and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and defends clients in appeals before the Court of International Trade, Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, NAFTA panels and the World Trade Organization. In addition to her body of U.S. experience, Nithya is also well-versed in international trade issues in China and India.

Photo of Stephen Brophy Stephen Brophy

Stephen brings more than 20 years of international trade experience to Husch Blackwell. His practice focuses on trade relief and regulation, representing clients in antidumping, countervailing duty and safeguard proceedings. He has assisted clients with these and other related matters before the U.S. Department of Commerce and U.S. International Trade Commission. Stephen is also experienced with customs issues, including tariff classification, valuation and country of origin marking matters.